X-radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Due to their penetrating ability, hard X-rays are widely used to image the inside of objects, e.g., in medical radiography and airport security. The term X-ray is metonymically used to refer to a radiographic image produced using this method, in addition to the method itself.
The properties of X radiation are utilized in medical radiographs, mammography, CT scan, angiography, fluoroscopy and radiotherapy. The X-Ray facility at Lotus provides immediate processing and the ability to enhance images.
Some of the reasons why an X-Ray is performed are
- Fractures or bone related abnormalities.
- To identify lung diseases.
- Detection of obstruction of the intestine
- Presence of air or fluid collection in the abdominal cavity
- Identification of stones in the gallbladder or urinary system.
The Risks of an X-Ray
The level of radiation exposure is considered safe for adults. However, it is not considered safe for a developing fetus. Be sure to tell your doctor before the procedure if you are pregnant or believe you could be pregnant. For some particular X rays, a contrast dye would be injected before taking the X-rays. This is done to improve the quality of the images. The dye, usually iodine, can cause some side effects.
How to Prepare for an X-Ray
Standard X-rays involve almost no preparation from the patient. Depending on the area under review, you may want to wear loose, comfortable clothing that you can easily move around in. You may also be asked to change into a hospital gown for the test. You will be instructed to remove any jewellery and other metallic items from your body before the X-ray is taken.
You should always tell your doctor if you have any metal implants from prior surgeries. These can block the X-rays from passing through your body. If your X-ray is for examining your intestines, your doctor may tell you to fast for a certain amount of time beforehand, or to clear out your bowels.
How an X-Ray Is Performed
A radiographer (X-ray technician) will tell you the right position in order to get the right view. The X-ray machine is accordingly positioned. You will have to hold your breath and remain still while the images are being taken to avoid any motion blur.
X-rays performed at Lotus
- Upper limb
- Lower limb
- Barium Swallow